Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Aging Cell. 2017 Jun;16(3):444-450. doi: 10.1111/acel.12581. Epub 2017 Mar 7.

Pathophysiology of heart failure and frailty: a common inflammatory origin?

Author information

1
Section of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medicine, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA.
2
Section of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.
3
Ann Arbor Veterans Affairs Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.
4
Institute of Gerontology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Abstract

Frailty, a clinical syndrome that typically occurs in older adults, implies a reduced ability to tolerate biological stressors. Frailty accompanies many age-related diseases but can also occur without overt evidence of end-organ disease. The condition is associated with circulating inflammatory cytokines and sarcopenia, features that are shared with heart failure (HF). However, the biological underpinnings of frailty remain unclear and the interaction with HF is complex. Here, we describe the inflammatory pathophysiology that is associated with frailty and speculate that the inflammation that occurs with frailty shares common origins with HF. We discuss the limitations in investigating the pathophysiology of frailty due to few relevant experimental models. Leveraging current therapies for advanced HF and current known therapies to address frailty in humans may enable translational studies to better understand the inflammatory interactions between frailty and HF.

KEYWORDS:

frailty; heart failure; pathophysiology

PMID:
28266167
PMCID:
PMC5418206
DOI:
10.1111/acel.12581
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center