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Int J Cardiol. 1989 Nov;25(2):199-205.

Humoral regulation during cold-induced coronary arterial spasm.

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University of Vienna, Department of Cardiology, Austria.


Previous attempts to define the etiology of coronary arterial spasm have been focused on mechanisms such as autonomic nervous dysfunction and/or enhanced platelet activation. In the present study, humoral regulation was investigated in patients with vasospastic angina and scintigraphically documented transient myocardial perfusion abnormalities after a peripheral cold pressor test. Serial changes in angiotensin II, epi- and norepinephrine as well as thromboxane B2 (the stable derivate of thromboxane A2), and malondialdehyde were determined at baseline (I), immediately after 5 minutes cold water hand immersion (II), and following 10 minutes recovery (III). Angiotensin II and epinephrine remained unchanged during observation (I vs II, II vs III: P = NS). Norepinephrine was elevated after cold (I vs II: P less than 0.001) and normalized after 10 minutes (I vs III: P = ns). Thromboxane B2 and malondialdehyde increased continuously (I vs III: P less than 0.05 and I vs III: P less than 0.002, respectively). Further radiothin-layer chromatography results indicate an activation of platelet function during myocardial ischemia. Our results do not establish a cause-effect relationship but, together with other evidence, they may suggest that thromboxane A2 is unlikely to be the cause of spasm. It might, however, play an important role in the maintenance of vasoconstriction.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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