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Traffic. 2016 Dec;17(12):1272-1285. doi: 10.1111/tra.12449. Epub 2016 Nov 1.

Newly synthesized and recycling pools of the apical protein gp135 do not occupy the same compartments.

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Department of Cellular and Molecular Physiology and Department of Cell Biology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT.


Polarized epithelial cells sort newly synthesized and recycling plasma membrane proteins into distinct trafficking pathways directed to either the apical or basolateral membrane domains. While the trans-Golgi network is a well-established site of protein sorting, increasing evidence indicates a key role for endosomes in the initial trafficking of newly synthesized proteins. Both basolateral and apical proteins have been shown to traverse endosomes en route to the plasma membrane. In particular, apical proteins traffic through either subapical early or recycling endosomes. Here we use the SNAP tag system to analyze the trafficking of the apical protein gp135, also known as podocalyxin. We show that newly synthesized gp135 traverses the apical recycling endosome, but not the apical early endosomes (AEEs). In contrast, post-endocytic gp135 is delivered to the AEE before recycling back to the apical membrane. The pathways pursued by the newly synthesized and recycling gp135 populations do not detectably intersect, demonstrating that the biosynthetic and post-endocytic pools of this protein are subjected to distinct sorting processes.


apical membrane; cell biology; endosomes; gp135; membrane trafficking

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