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Elife. 2016 Jun 23;5. pii: e16011. doi: 10.7554/eLife.16011.

The Lamin B receptor is essential for cholesterol synthesis and perturbed by disease-causing mutations.

Author information

1
Department of Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry, Yale University, New Haven, United States.
2
Department of Cell Biology, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, United States.

Abstract

Lamin B receptor (LBR) is a polytopic membrane protein residing in the inner nuclear membrane in association with the nuclear lamina. We demonstrate that human LBR is essential for cholesterol synthesis. LBR mutant derivatives implicated in Greenberg skeletal dysplasia or Pelger-Huët anomaly fail to rescue the cholesterol auxotrophy of a LBR-deficient human cell line, consistent with a loss-of-function mechanism for these congenital disorders. These disease-causing variants fall into two classes: point mutations in the sterol reductase domain perturb enzymatic activity by reducing the affinity for the essential cofactor NADPH, while LBR truncations render the mutant protein metabolically unstable, leading to its rapid degradation at the inner nuclear membrane. Thus, metabolically unstable LBR variants may serve as long-sought-after model substrates enabling previously impossible investigations of poorly understood protein turnover mechanisms at the inner nuclear membrane of higher eukaryotes.

KEYWORDS:

ER-associated degradation (ERAD); biochemistry; cell biology; cholesterol metabolism; human; inner nuclear membrane; nuclear lamina; protein quality control

PMID:
27336722
PMCID:
PMC4951196
DOI:
10.7554/eLife.16011
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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