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Comput Intell Neurosci. 2016;2016:1349851. doi: 10.1155/2016/1349851. Epub 2016 May 16.

BrainK for Structural Image Processing: Creating Electrical Models of the Human Head.

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Electrical Geodesics, Inc., 500 E. 4th Avenue, Eugene, OR 97401, USA.
Electrical Geodesics, Inc., 500 E. 4th Avenue, Eugene, OR 97401, USA; Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520, USA.


BrainK is a set of automated procedures for characterizing the tissues of the human head from MRI, CT, and photogrammetry images. The tissue segmentation and cortical surface extraction support the primary goal of modeling the propagation of electrical currents through head tissues with a finite difference model (FDM) or finite element model (FEM) created from the BrainK geometries. The electrical head model is necessary for accurate source localization of dense array electroencephalographic (dEEG) measures from head surface electrodes. It is also necessary for accurate targeting of cerebral structures with transcranial current injection from those surface electrodes. BrainK must achieve five major tasks: image segmentation, registration of the MRI, CT, and sensor photogrammetry images, cortical surface reconstruction, dipole tessellation of the cortical surface, and Talairach transformation. We describe the approach to each task, and we compare the accuracies for the key tasks of tissue segmentation and cortical surface extraction in relation to existing research tools (FreeSurfer, FSL, SPM, and BrainVisa). BrainK achieves good accuracy with minimal or no user intervention, it deals well with poor quality MR images and tissue abnormalities, and it provides improved computational efficiency over existing research packages.

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