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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2016 Jun 28;113(26):7124-9. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1521738113. Epub 2016 Jun 6.

PROTAC-induced BET protein degradation as a therapy for castration-resistant prostate cancer.

Author information

1
Arvinas, LLC, New Haven, CT 06511;
2
Department of Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520; Department of Chemistry, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520; Department of Pharmacology, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520.
3
Arvinas, LLC, New Haven, CT 06511; kevin.coleman@arvinas.com.

Abstract

Prostate cancer has the second highest incidence among cancers in men worldwide and is the second leading cause of cancer deaths of men in the United States. Although androgen deprivation can initially lead to remission, the disease often progresses to castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC), which is still reliant on androgen receptor (AR) signaling and is associated with a poor prognosis. Some success against CRPC has been achieved by drugs that target AR signaling, but secondary resistance invariably emerges, and new therapies are urgently needed. Recently, inhibitors of bromodomain and extra-terminal (BET) family proteins have shown growth-inhibitory activity in preclinical models of CRPC. Here, we demonstrate that ARV-771, a small-molecule pan-BET degrader based on proteolysis-targeting chimera (PROTAC) technology, demonstrates dramatically improved efficacy in cellular models of CRPC as compared with BET inhibition. Unlike BET inhibitors, ARV-771 results in suppression of both AR signaling and AR levels and leads to tumor regression in a CRPC mouse xenograft model. This study is, to our knowledge, the first to demonstrate efficacy with a small-molecule BET degrader in a solid-tumor malignancy and potentially represents an important therapeutic advance in the treatment of CRPC.

KEYWORDS:

BET; BRD4; PROTAC; prostate; protein degradation

PMID:
27274052
PMCID:
PMC4932933
DOI:
10.1073/pnas.1521738113
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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