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Br J Sports Med. 2016 Dec;50(24):1496-1505. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2016-096189. Epub 2016 Jun 3.

Evidence review for the 2016 International Ankle Consortium consensus statement on the prevalence, impact and long-term consequences of lateral ankle sprains.

Author information

1
University of Kentucky, College of Health Sciences, Lexington, Kentucky, USA.
2
Department of Life and Health Sciences, Ulster University, Jordanstown, Carrickfergus, UK.
3
University College Dublin, Insight Centre for Data Analytics, Dublin, Ireland.
4
Indiana University, School of Public Health, Bloomington, Indiana, USA.
5
Physiotherapy Department, Hôpital La Tour, Geneva, Switzerland.
6
National Centre for Sport and Exercise Medicine-East Midlands, School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leicestershire, UK.
7
Departments of Kinesiology and Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia, USA.
8
University of Sydney, College of Health, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
9
Department of Kinesiology and Applied Physiology, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware, USA.
10
Department of Exercise and Sport Sciences, Ithaca College, Ithaca, New York, USA.
11
Department of Public and Occupational Health, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
12
University of Queensland, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences: Physiotherapy, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.
13
Department of Exercise & Sport Science, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA.
14
University College Dublin, School of Public Health, Physiotherapy and Sports Science, Dublin, Ireland.

Abstract

Lateral ankle sprains (LASs) are the most prevalent musculoskeletal injury in physically active populations. They also have a high prevalence in the general population and pose a substantial healthcare burden. The recurrence rates of LASs are high, leading to a large percentage of patients with LAS developing chronic ankle instability. This chronicity is associated with decreased physical activity levels and quality of life and associates with increasing rates of post-traumatic ankle osteoarthritis, all of which generate financial costs that are larger than many have realised. The literature review that follows expands this paradigm and introduces emerging areas that should be prioritised for continued research, supporting a companion position statement paper that proposes recommendations for using this summary of information, and needs for specific future research.

KEYWORDS:

Ankle; Public health

PMID:
27259753
DOI:
10.1136/bjsports-2016-096189
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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