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Eur Eat Disord Rev. 2016 May;24(3):247-50. doi: 10.1002/erv.2432. Epub 2016 Feb 3.

Sex Differences and Correlates of Pain in Patients with Comorbid Obesity and Binge Eating Disorder.

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Department of Psychiatry, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA.
VA Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven, CT, USA.


Sex differences and correlates of pain were examined in a sample of patients with comorbid binge eating disorder (BED) and obesity. One hundred fifty-two treatment-seeking patients with BED completed the Brief Pain Inventory. Analysis of covariance was utilized to compare women and men on pain, and correlational analysis, overall and by sex, was performed to examine relationships among pain, eating behaviour and metabolic risk factors. Women reported significantly greater pain severity and pain interference than men. Among women, eating behaviour and metabolic markers were not associated with pain. Among men, however, binge frequency was significantly associated with pain, as was high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and fasting glucose. In sum, while women in this sample had more pain than men, the presence of pain in men was associated with increased behavioural and metabolic risk factors. Findings have clinical implications for the assessment of comorbid pain and obesity-related health risks among individuals with BED.


binge eating disorder; eating disorders; obesity; pain; sex differences

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