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Eat Behav. 2016 Apr;21:54-8. doi: 10.1016/j.eatbeh.2015.12.011. Epub 2015 Dec 19.

Smoking status and psychosocial factors in binge eating disorder and bulimia nervosa.

Author information

1
Yale University School of Nursing, Orange, CT, United States; University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Philadelphia, PA, United States; Center for Weight and Eating Disorders, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, United States. Electronic address: arichao@nursing.upenn.edu.
2
Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, United States; Yale University School of Public Health, New Haven, CT, United States.
3
Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, United States; Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, CT, United States; CASAColumbia, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, United States.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine eating-disorder psychopathology and depressive symptoms by smoking status (never, former, or current smoker) in persons with binge eating disorder (BED) and bulimia nervosa (BN).

METHODS:

Participants were 575 adult volunteers from the community (mean age=36.0±12years and BMI=32.9±9.5kg/m(2); 80% white; 88% female) who were classified with BED (n=410) or BN (n=165). Participants completed a battery of questionnaires, including items about current and historical cigarette smoking, the Eating Disorder Examination -Questionnaire, and the Beck Depression Inventory.

RESULTS:

Among those with BED, depressive symptoms were significantly higher in current smokers than former or never smokers (p=.001). There were no significant differences in depressive symptoms by smoking status in participants with BN and no differences in eating-disorder psychopathology by smoking status in either the BED or BN groups.

DISCUSSION:

In this non-clinical group of community volunteers, we found that smoking history or status was not associated with eating disorder psychopathology in participants classified with BED and BN but was significantly associated with depressive symptoms in participants with BED.

KEYWORDS:

Binge eating disorder; Bulimia nervosa; Smoking

PMID:
26741260
PMCID:
PMC4851572
DOI:
10.1016/j.eatbeh.2015.12.011
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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