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Addict Behav. 2017 Jan;64:301-307. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2015.11.015. Epub 2015 Dec 2.

An exploratory examination of At-Risk/Problematic Internet Use and disordered eating in adults.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry, Yale School of Medicine, United States.
2
Department of Psychiatry, Yale School of Medicine, United States; CASAColumbia, United States; Child Study Center, United States; Department of Neurobiology, Yale School of Medicine, United States. Electronic address: marc.potenza@yale.edu.
3
Department of Psychiatry, Yale School of Medicine, United States; Department of Psychology, Yale University, United States; CASAColumbia, United States.
4
Department of Psychiatry, Yale School of Medicine, United States; Yale School of Public Health, United States.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

At-Risk/Problematic Internet Use (ARPIU) has been associated with impairment in multiple domains including psychopathology. The present study examined the relationship between ARPIU and disordered eating in a large community sample.

METHODS:

Participants (n=1000) completed an online survey about health behaviors. Two thresholds of ARPIU and disordered eating each were examined.

RESULTS:

The ARPIU and Sub-ED (subthreshold eating disorders) groups reported greater depressive symptoms and poorer self-control than the Control group; the Sub-ED group reported greater impulsivity than the Control group. The ARPIU and Sub-ED groups significantly differed in key features related to each condition. Finally, the co-occurrence of ARPIU and Sub-ED was associated with greater depression. In the second set of analyses based on more stringent thresholds, the Problematic Internet Use (PIU) and ED groups differed on all measures compared to the Control group. The PIU and ED groups also differed on key features related to each condition, but did not differ on measures of impulsivity or self-control. The co-occurrence of PIU and ED was associated with greater depressive symptoms than either PIU or ED independently.

CONCLUSIONS:

ARPIU and Sub-ED share links to depression and poor self-control and these may represent possible therapeutic targets across Internet-use and disordered-eating behaviors. Co-occurring PIU and ED at either lenient or stringent thresholds is associated with greater depression. Future studies should examine the temporal nature of these associations and the extent to which targeting depression, Internet use, or disordered eating may lead to improvements across domains.

KEYWORDS:

Eating disorders; Internet use; Problematic Internet Use

PMID:
26725439
PMCID:
PMC4889541
[Available on 2018-01-01]
DOI:
10.1016/j.addbeh.2015.11.015
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