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Asia Pac J Ophthalmol (Phila). 2015 Nov-Dec;4(6):388-98. doi: 10.1097/APO.0000000000000162.

One-Year Progress in Ophthalmic Education: Annual Review.

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From the *International Council of Ophthalmology, San Francisco, CA; †School of Medicine and Eye Department, Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina; ‡University of Cincinnati; and §Cincinnati Eye Institute, Cincinnati, OH.



The aim of this study was to update the practicing ophthalmologist on the English language literature about medical education from the prior year.


A search of English language literature was performed on PubMed from January 1, 2014, to December 31, 2014.


Because the search using the main topic of the review "medical education" came up with 7394 citations, authors finally decided to narrow the search to 3 topics of their interest:1. Current state of competency-based education and teaching methods of competencies. This section included ophthalmic/ophthalmology education, core competencies, competency-based education, teaching strategies, tools and methods in medical education.2. E-learning. This section included e-learning, online learning, online teaching, Web-based teaching, Web-based learning, and flipped classroom.3.


This section included assessment of medical students, residents, fellows, faculty, attending physicians, and medical teachers, assessment of medical student ophthalmology programs, ophthalmology residency programs, residency programs, and fellowship programs.


The authors reviewed and summarized articles published in 2014 examining or describing the 3 main areas of the review described previously.


This review updates the comprehensive ophthalmologist on advances in ophthalmic medical education. Ophthalmic educators could apply the ideas presented in this review according to their possibilities in their own settings and programs.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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