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Skeletal Radiol. 2016 Mar;45(3):307-21. doi: 10.1007/s00256-015-2282-6. Epub 2015 Nov 23.

3D printing from diagnostic images: a radiologist's primer with an emphasis on musculoskeletal imaging-putting the 3D printing of pathology into the hands of every physician.

Author information

1
School of Medicine, Department of Diagnostic Radiology and Bioimaging Sciences, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA. tamir.friedman@yale.edu.
2
School of Medicine, Department of Diagnostic Radiology and Bioimaging Sciences, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA. mark.michalski@yale.edu.
3
School of Medicine, Department of Diagnostic Radiology and Bioimaging Sciences, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA. rob.goodman@yale.edu.
4
School of Medicine, Department of Diagnostic Radiology and Bioimaging Sciences, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA. Elliott.brown@yale.edu.

Abstract

Three-dimensional (3D) printing has recently erupted into the medical arena due to decreased costs and increased availability of printers and software tools. Due to lack of detailed information in the medical literature on the methods for 3D printing, we have reviewed the medical and engineering literature on the various methods for 3D printing and compiled them into a practical "how to" format, thereby enabling the novice to start 3D printing with very limited funds. We describe (1) background knowledge, (2) imaging parameters, (3) software, (4) hardware, (5) post-processing, and (6) financial aspects required to cost-effectively reproduce a patient's disease ex vivo so that the patient, engineer and surgeon may hold the anatomy and associated pathology in their hands.

KEYWORDS:

3D printing; Additive manufacturing; Rapid prototyping; Stereolithography

PMID:
26592802
DOI:
10.1007/s00256-015-2282-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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