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Am J Surg Pathol. 2015 Dec;39(12):e1-e18. doi: 10.1097/PAS.0000000000000562.

Hereditary Renal Cell Carcinoma Syndromes: Clinical, Pathologic, and Genetic Features.

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Departments of *Pathology †Urology, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT.


Renal cell carcinomas associated with syndromes of a heritable nature account for about 4% of all renal cell carcinomas. They are characterized by an earlier age of onset, and are often multicentric and bilateral. Some of these patients may fit into well-characterized kidney cancer syndromes, while many more may have a genetic component that is not fully recognized or understood. The presence of extrarenal clinical features may suggest a specific renal tumor susceptibility syndrome. Moreover, each syndrome is associated with specific renal pathology findings. Recognition of individuals and families with a high risk of renal neoplasia is important so that surveillance for renal tumors may be initiated. This manuscript reviews the clinical, pathological, and molecular features of hereditary renal cell carcinoma syndromes with emphasis on the morphologic features of these tumors and the molecular mechanisms of hereditary renal tumorigenesis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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