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Acta Psychiatr Scand Suppl. 2015;(445):1-28. doi: 10.1111/acps.12479.

Use of psychotropic drugs during pregnancy and breast-feeding.

Author information

1
Department of Affective Disorders, Aarhus University Hospital, Risskov, Denmark.
2
Department of Clinical Biochemistry and Pharmacology, Odense University Hospital, Odense, Denmark.
3
Department of Clinical Medicine - Gynecological/Obstetric Ward Y, Aarhus University Hospital, Skejby, Denmark.
4
Neonatal Ward, Sygehus Lillebaelt, Kolding, Denmark.
5
Psychiatry in the Capital Region of Denmark, Psychiatric Centre Copenhagen, Section 6211, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark.
6
Psychiatry, Aalborg University Hospital, Aalborg, Denmark.
7
Psychiatry in the Capital Region of Denmark, Psychiatric Centre Copenhagen, Affective Ward 6203, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark.
8
District Psychiatry Center, Psychiatric Center, Hvidovre, Denmark.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To write clinical guidelines for the use of psychotropic drugs during pregnancy and breast-feeding for daily practice in psychiatry, obstetrics and paediatrics.

METHOD:

As we wanted a guideline with a high degree of consensus among health professionals treating pregnant women with a psychiatric disease, we asked the Danish Psychiatric Society, the Danish Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology, the Danish Paediatric Society and the Danish Society of Clinical Pharmacology to appoint members for the working group. A comprehensive review of the literature was hereafter conducted.

RESULTS:

Sertraline and citalopram are first-line treatment among selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor for depression. It is recommended to use lithium for bipolar disorders if an overall assessment finds an indication for mood-stabilizing treatment during pregnancy. Lamotrigine can be used. Valproate and carbamazepin are contraindicated. Olanzapine, risperidone, quetiapine and clozapine can be used for bipolar disorders and schizophrenia.

CONCLUSION:

It is important that health professionals treating fertile women with a psychiatric disease discuss whether psychotropic drugs are needed during pregnancy and how it has to be administered.

KEYWORDS:

breast-feeding; clinical guidelines; pregnancy; psychotropic drugs; recommendations

PMID:
26344706
DOI:
10.1111/acps.12479
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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