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Nurs Res. 2015 Sep-Oct;64(5):391-401. doi: 10.1097/NNR.0000000000000116.

Primary Breast Cancer Decision-making Among Chinese American Women: Satisfaction, Regret.

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Shiu-yu C. Katie Lee, DNSc, RN, is Associate Professor, National Taipei University of Nursing and Health Sciences, Taiwan. M. Tish Knobf, PhD, RN, AOCN, FAAN, is Professor, Yale University School of Nursing, Orange, Connecticut.



Decision-making for cancer treatment is a complex, informational process. Lower satisfaction, higher decision regret, and poorer quality of life are potential adverse outcomes.


The aim of the study was to describe breast cancer treatment decision outcomes and examine factors associated with decision outcomes of satisfaction and regret in Chinese American women.


A cross-sectional, correlational design was used. A sample of 123 self-identified Chinese American women with early-stage breast cancer was recruited from the greater New York metropolitan area. The Breast Cancer Decision-Making Questionnaire, Decisional Conflict Scale, and Decisional Regret Scale--that were written in Chinese with equivalence from back-translation--were used to measure the factors in the decision-making process and the decisional outcome. Multiple, linear regression was used to identify predictors for decisional outcomes.


The mean age of the subjects was 48.7 years (SD = 9.3 years), the majority of whom were married (80%) and not working (63%), and about half spoke Cantonese or Mandarin as their daily language. The women reported a low to moderate level of decisional conflict, postdecisional dissatisfaction, and regret with their decision. However, the women who had greater decisional conflict, who had more difficulty in communicating with their physician, who had limited English fluency, and who were financially dependent and less involved in decision-making had lower satisfaction and more regret with their treatment decision.


Limited English fluency among Chinese American women negatively affected communication during the physician consultation about breast cancer treatment options, and financial barriers were also associated with lower postdecisional satisfaction and higher regret. Culturally sensitive decision support interventions are needed for Asian American women to make an informed, satisfied breast cancer treatment decision.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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