Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Mol Cancer Res. 2015 Nov;13(11):1509-19. doi: 10.1158/1541-7786.MCR-15-0204. Epub 2015 Jul 29.

Calcipotriol Targets LRP6 to Inhibit Wnt Signaling in Pancreatic Cancer.

Author information

1
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California.
2
Gene Expression Laboratory, Salk Institute, La Jolla, California.
3
The Storr Liver Unit, Westmead Millennium Institute and University of Sydney, Westmead Hospital, Westmead, New South Wales, Australia.
4
Gene Expression Laboratory, Salk Institute, La Jolla, California. Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Salk Institute, La Jolla, California.
5
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California. Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California. ddawson@mednet.ucla.edu.

Abstract

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is an aggressive malignancy in need of more effective treatment approaches. One potential therapeutic target is Wnt/β-catenin signaling, which plays important roles in PDAC tumor initiation and progression. Among Wnt inhibitors with suitable in vivo biologic activity is vitamin D, which is known to antagonize Wnt/β-catenin signaling in colorectal cancer and have antitumor activity in PDAC. For this study, the relationship between vitamin D signaling, Wnt/β-catenin activity, and tumor cell growth in PDAC was investigated through the use of calcipotriol, a potent non-hypercalcemic vitamin D analogue. PDAC tumor cell growth inhibition by calcipotriol was positively correlated with vitamin D receptor expression and Wnt/β-catenin activity. Furthermore, vitamin D and Wnt signaling activity were found to be reciprocally linked through feedback regulation. Calcipotriol inhibited autocrine Wnt/β-catenin signaling in PDAC cell lines in parallel with decreased protein levels of the low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 6 (LRP6), a requisite coreceptor for ligand-dependent canonical Wnt signaling. Decrease in LRP6 protein seen with calcipotriol was mediated through a novel mechanism involving transcriptional upregulation of low-density lipoprotein receptor adaptor protein 1 (LDLRAP1). Finally, changes in LRP6 or LDLRAP1 expression directly altered Wnt reporter activity, supporting their roles as regulators of ligand-dependent Wnt/β-catenin signaling.

IMPLICATIONS:

This study provides a novel biochemical target through which vitamin D signaling exerts inhibitory effects on Wnt/β-catenin signaling, as well as potential biomarkers for predicting and following tumor response to vitamin D-based therapy.

PMID:
26224368
PMCID:
PMC4644680
DOI:
10.1158/1541-7786.MCR-15-0204
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Publication types, MeSH terms, Substances, Grant support

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center