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Pain. 2015 Sep;156(9):1637-46. doi: 10.1097/j.pain.0000000000000229.

Specific changes in conduction velocity recovery cycles of single nociceptors in a patient with erythromelalgia with the I848T gain-of-function mutation of Nav1.7.

Author information

1
aDepartment of Physiology and Pathophysiology, University of Erlangen, Erlangen, Germany bDepartment of Neurology, Oslo University Hospital, Rikshospitalet, Oslo, Norway cDepartment of Clinical Neurophysiology, University of Uppsala, Uppsala, Sweden dInstitute of Cancer Research and Molecular Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway eDepartment of Rheumatology, Skin and Infectious Diseases, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway fDepartment of Vascular Surgery, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway gAstraZeneca Translational Science Centre, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Sweden hAstraZeneca R&D, Macclesfield, United Kingdom iCenter for Neuroscience and Regeneration Research, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA jDepartment of Anesthesiology Mannheim, Heidelberg University, Heidelberg, Germany.

Abstract

Seven patients diagnosed with erythromelalgia (EM) were investigated by microneurography to record from unmyelinated nerve fibers in the peroneal nerve. Two patients had characterized variants of sodium channel Nav1.7 (I848T, I228M), whereas no mutations of coding regions of Navs were found in 5 patients with EM. Irrespective of Nav1.7 mutations, more than 50% of the silent nociceptors in the patients with EM showed spontaneous activity. In the patient with mutation I848T, all nociceptors, but not sympathetic efferents, displayed enhanced early subnormal conduction in the velocity recovery cycles and the expected late subnormality was reversed to supranormal conduction. The larger hyperpolarizing shift of activation might explain the difference to the I228M mutation. Sympathetic fibers that lack Nav1.8 did not show supranormal conduction in the patient carrying the I848T mutation, confirming in human subjects that the presence of Nav1.8 crucially modulates conduction in cells expressing EM mutant channels. The characteristic pattern of changes in conduction velocity observed in the patient with the I848T gain-of function mutation in Nav1.7 could be explained by axonal depolarization and concomitant inactivation of Nav1.7. If this were true, activity-dependent hyperpolarization would reverse inactivation of Nav1.7 and account for the supranormal CV. This mechanism might explain normal pain thresholds under resting conditions.

PMID:
25993546
DOI:
10.1097/j.pain.0000000000000229
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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