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Clin Cancer Res. 2015 May 15;21(10):2213-20. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-14-2748.

Lung cancer in the era of precision medicine.

Author information

1
Department of Pathology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut. Department of Medicine (Section of Medical Oncology), Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut. Yale Cancer Center, New Haven, Connecticut. katerina.politi@yale.edu roy.herbst@yale.edu.
2
Department of Medicine (Section of Medical Oncology), Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut. Yale Cancer Center, New Haven, Connecticut.

Abstract

The past decade has been transformative for lung cancer patients, physicians, and scientists. The discovery of EGFR mutations that confer sensitivity to tyrosine kinase inhibitors in lung adenocarcinomas in 2004 heralded the beginning of the era of precision medicine for lung cancer. Indeed, it precipitated concerted efforts by many investigators to define molecular subgroups of lung cancer, characterize the genomic landscape of lung cancer subtypes, identify novel therapeutic targets, and define mechanisms of sensitivity and resistance to targeted therapies. The fruits of these efforts are visible every day now in lung cancer clinics: Patients receive molecular testing to determine whether their tumor harbors an actionable mutation, new and improved targeted therapies that can overcome resistance to first-generation drugs are in clinical trials, and drugs targeting the immune system are showing activity in patients. This extraordinary promise is tempered by the sobering fact that even the newest treatments for metastatic disease are rarely curative and are effective only in a small fraction of all patients. Ongoing and future efforts to find new vulnerabilities of lung cancers, unravel the complexity of drug resistance, increase the efficacy of immunotherapies, and perform biomarker-driven clinical trials are necessary to improve outcomes for patients with lung cancer.

PMID:
25979927
PMCID:
PMC4505624
DOI:
10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-14-2748
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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