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J Dent Educ. 2015 May;79(5):563-70.

Implementation of a flipped classroom educational model in a predoctoral dental course.

Author information

1
Dr. Park is Assistant Dean for Dental Education, Office of Dental Education, Harvard School of Dental Medicine; Dr. Howell is A. Lee Loomis Professor of Periodontology, Harvard School of Dental Medicine. Sang_park@hsdm.harvard.edu.
2
Dr. Park is Assistant Dean for Dental Education, Office of Dental Education, Harvard School of Dental Medicine; Dr. Howell is A. Lee Loomis Professor of Periodontology, Harvard School of Dental Medicine.

Abstract

This article describes the development and implementation of a flipped classroom model to promote student-centered learning as part of a predoctoral dental course. This model redesigns the traditional lecture-style classroom into a blended learning model that combines active learning pedagogy with instructional technology and "flips" the sequence so that students use online resources to learn content ahead of class and then use class time for discussion. The dental anatomy portion of a second-year DMD course at Harvard School of Dental Medicine was redesigned using the flipped classroom model. The 36 students in the course viewed online materials before class; then, during class, small groups of students participated in peer teaching and team discussions based on learning objectives under the supervision of faculty. The utilization of pre- and post-class quizzes as well as peer assessments were critical motivating factors that likely contributed to the increase in student participation in class and helped place learning accountability on the students. Student feedback from a survey after the experience was generally positive with regard to the collaborative and interactive aspects of this form of blended learning.

KEYWORDS:

blended learning; dental education; flipped classroom; pedagogy; student-centered learning

PMID:
25941150
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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