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Neuro Oncol. 2015 Oct;17(10):1356-64. doi: 10.1093/neuonc/nov027. Epub 2015 Mar 3.

Somatic POLE mutations cause an ultramutated giant cell high-grade glioma subtype with better prognosis.

Author information

1
Department of Neurosurgery, Yale Program in Brain Tumor Research, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut (E.Z.E.-O., A.O.Ç., S.B.O., A.S.H., V.C., G.C.-G., J.B., C.Ç., T.B., S.C., B.B., M.B., J.M.G., K.M.-G., K.B., K.Y., M.G.); Department of Genetics, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut (K.B., M.G.); Computational Biology Program, Sloan Kettering Institute, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York (N.S., N.W., C.S.); Department of Neurosurgery, Acıbadem University School of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey (K.O., M.N.P.); Division of Hematology and Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Selçuk University, Konya, Turkey (Y.K., D.K.); Department of Pathology, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut (J.L., J.S., A.V., A.J.H.).

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Malignant high-grade gliomas (HGGs), including the most aggressive form, glioblastoma multiforme, show significant clinical and genomic heterogeneity. Despite recent advances, the overall survival of HGGs and their response to treatment remain poor. In order to gain further insight into disease pathophysiology by correlating genomic landscape with clinical behavior, thereby identifying distinct HGG molecular subgroups associated with improved prognosis, we performed a comprehensive genomic analysis.

METHODS:

We analyzed and compared 720 exome-sequenced gliomas (136 from Yale, 584 from The Cancer Genome Atlas) based on their genomic, histological, and clinical features.

RESULTS:

We identified a subgroup of HGGs (6 total, 4 adults and 2 children) that harbored a statistically significantly increased number of somatic mutations (mean = 9257.3 vs 76.2, P = .002). All of these "ultramutated" tumors harbored somatic mutations in the exonuclease domain of the polymerase epsilon gene (POLE), displaying a distinctive genetic profile, characterized by genomic stability and increased C-to-A transversions. Histologically, they all harbored multinucleated giant or bizarre cells, some with predominant infiltrating immune cells. One adult and both pediatric patients carried homozygous germline mutations in the mutS homolog 6 (MSH6) gene. In adults, POLE mutations were observed in patients younger than 40 years and were associated with a longer progression-free survival.

CONCLUSIONS:

We identified a genomically, histologically, and clinically distinct subgroup of HGGs that harbored somatic POLE mutations and carried an improved prognosis. Identification of distinctive molecular and pathological HGG phenotypes has implications not only for improved classification but also for potential targeted treatments.

KEYWORDS:

better prognosis; germline MSH6 mutation; glioblastoma; polymerase epsilon; ultramutated tumor

PMID:
25740784
PMCID:
PMC4578578
DOI:
10.1093/neuonc/nov027
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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