Send to

Choose Destination
Tumour Biol. 2015 Jul;36(7):5505-13. doi: 10.1007/s13277-015-3218-4. Epub 2015 Feb 11.

Dacomitinib (PF-00299804), a second-generation irreversible pan-erbB receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor, demonstrates remarkable activity against HER2-amplified uterine serous endometrial cancer in vitro.

Author information

Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, Yale University School of Medicine, Rm. 305 LSOG, 333 Cedar Street, PO Box 208063, New Haven, CT, 06520-8063, USA.


Uterine serous carcinoma (USC) is an aggressive subtype of endometrial cancer that carries an extremely poor prognosis. Up to 35 % of USC may overexpress the epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2/neu) at strong (i.e., 3+) level by immunohistochemistry (IHC) or harbor HER2/neu gene amplification by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). In this study, we assessed the sensitivity of a panel of USC cell lines with and without HER2/neu gene amplification to dacomitinib (PF-00299804), an irreversible pan-human epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor. Eight primary cell lines (i.e., four harboring HER2/neu gene amplification by FISH and four FISH- cell lines), all demonstrating similar in vitro growth rates, were evaluated in viability/proliferation assays. The effect of dacomitinib on cell growth, cell cycle distribution, and signaling was determined using flow cytometry-based assays. Dacomitinib caused a significantly stronger growth inhibition in HER2/neu FISH+ USC cell lines when compared to FISH- USC (dacomitinib half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) mean ± SEM = 0.02803 ± 0.003355 μM in FISH+ versus 1.498 ± 0.2209 μM in FISH- tumors, P < 0.0001). Dacomitinib growth inhibition was associated with a significant and dose-dependent decline in phosphorylated HER2/neu and S6 transcription factor and a dose-dependent and time-dependent cell cycle arrest in G0/G1 in FISH+ USC. Dacomitinib is remarkably effective against chemotherapy-resistant HER2/neu gene-amplified USC. Clinical studies with dacomitinib in HER2/neu FISH+ USC patients resistant to standard salvage chemotherapy are warranted.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Springer Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center