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Eur Radiol. 2015 Jul;25(7):1993-2003. doi: 10.1007/s00330-015-3595-5. Epub 2015 Jan 31.

Early survival prediction after intra-arterial therapies: a 3D quantitative MRI assessment of tumour response after TACE or radioembolization of colorectal cancer metastases to the liver.

Author information

1
Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, Division of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, Sheikh Zayed Tower, Ste 7203, 1800 Orleans St, Baltimore, MD, 21287, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

This study evaluated the predictive role of 1D, 2D and 3D quantitative, enhancement-based MRI regarding overall survival (OS) in patients with colorectal liver metastases (CLM) following intra-arterial therapies (IAT).

METHODS:

This retrospective analysis included 29 patients who underwent transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) or radioembolization and received MRI within 6 weeks after therapy. Tumour response was assessed using 1D and 2D criteria (such as European Association for the Study of the Liver guidelines [EASL] and modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors [mRECIST]). In addition, a segmentation-based 3D quantification of overall (volumetric [v] RECIST) and enhancing lesion volume (quantitative [q] EASL) was performed on portal venous phase MRI. Accordingly, patients were classified as responders (R) and non-responders (NR). Survival was evaluated using Kaplan-Meier analysis and compared using Cox proportional hazard ratios (HR).

RESULTS:

Only enhancement-based criteria identified patients as responders. EASL and mRECIST did not predict patient survival (P = 0.27 and P = 0.44, respectively). Using uni- and multivariate analysis, qEASL was identified as the sole predictor of patient survival (9.9 months for R, 6.9 months for NR; P = 0.038; HR 0.4).

CONCLUSION:

The ability of qEASL to predict survival early after IAT provides evidence for potential advantages of 3D quantitative tumour analysis.

KEY POINTS:

• Volumetric assessment of colorectal liver metastases after intra-arterial therapy is feasible. • Early 3D quantitative tumour analysis after intra-arterial therapy may predict patient survival. • Volumetric tumour response assessment shows advantages over 1D and 2D techniques. • Enhancement-based MR response assessment is preferable to size-based measurements.

PMID:
25636420
PMCID:
PMC4458393
DOI:
10.1007/s00330-015-3595-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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