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Neuroimage. 2015 Mar;108:144-50. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2014.12.032. Epub 2014 Dec 17.

Adaptive mechanisms of developing brain: cerebral lateralization in the prematurely-born.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA. Electronic address: soo.kwon@yale.edu.
2
Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA.
3
Department of Pediatrics, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA.
4
Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA.
5
Department of Pediatrics, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA; Department of Neurology, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA.

Abstract

Preterm birth results in alterations in neural connectivity, but the impact of prematurity on the functional organization of the developing brain has yet to be explored. To test the hypothesis that preterm birth alters cortical organization during the late second and third trimesters of gestation, we interrogated cerebral lateralization at rest in 26 very preterm subjects (birth weight 500-1500g) with no evidence of brain injury and 25 healthy term control subjects at term equivalent age. Employing an unbiased voxel-based measure of functional connectivity, these data demonstrated that cerebral lateralization is impaired in the prematurely-born. At term equivalent age, preterm neonates showed significantly less lateralization in regions subserving both receptive and expressive language, left Brodmann (BA) areas insula-BA22-BA21 and L BA45-BA47 (p<0.05 corrected for multiple comparisons for both). Exploratory region of interest analyses demonstrated significantly less inter-hemispheric connectivity from L BA22 to R BA22 in preterm infants compared to term controls (p<0.005) and from R BA22 to its homolog (p<0.005). L BA22, Wernicke's area, was more strongly connected to R BA39, foreshadowing neural networks for language in preterm subjects at school age, adolescence and young adulthood. For these very preterm neonates born at less than 30weeks' PMA, the degree of prematurity had no influence on lateralization in these differential regions.

KEYWORDS:

Cerebral lateralization; Functional MRI; Intrinsic connectivity distribution; Language development; Preterm infant brain; Resting-state functional connectivity

PMID:
25528658
PMCID:
PMC4324328
DOI:
10.1016/j.neuroimage.2014.12.032
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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