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J Nucl Med. 2014 Dec;55(12):1998-2002. doi: 10.2967/jnumed.114.140129. Epub 2014 Nov 13.

Using SUV as a guide to 18F-FDG dose reduction.

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Sidra Medical and Research Center, Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Doha, Qatar
Yale University School of Medicine, Department of Diagnostic Radiology, New Haven, Connecticut.
Fondazione Toscana Gabriele Monasterio per la Ricerca Medica e di Sanità Pubblica, CNR-Regione Toscana, Massa, Italy; and.
Fondazione Toscana Gabriele Monasterio per la Ricerca Medica e di Sanità Pubblica, CNR-Regione Toscana, Pisa, Italy.


This article explores how one can lower the injected (18)F-FDG dose while maintaining validity in comparing standardized uptake values (SUVs) between studies. Variations of the SUV within each lesion were examined at different acquisition times.


Our protocol was approved by either the Human Investigation Committee or the Institutional Review Board. All 120 PET datasets were acquired continuously for 180 s per bed position in list mode and were reconstructed to obtain 30-, 60-, 90-, 120-, 150-, and 180-s-per-bed-position PET images with registration to a single set of nondiagnostic CT images. Qualitative assessment of the images was performed separately for correlation. The SUV measurements of each lesion were computed and normalized to the 180-s acquisition values to create a stabilization factor. These stabilization factors were used to demonstrate a predictable trend of stabilization over time. The variances of the stabilization factors over the entire dataset, composed of several tumor types over a range of sizes, were compared for each time point with the corresponding 150-s time point using a 2-sided F test, which has similar values to the 180-s time point.


The variance of the data decreased with increasing acquisition time and with increasing dose but leveled off for sufficiently long acquisitions.


Through the statistical analysis of SUVs for increasing acquisition times and visual evaluation of the plots, we developed and hereby propose an algorithm that can be used to seek the maximum reduction in administered (18)F-FDG dose while preserving the validity of SUV comparisons.


18F-FDG; SUV; acquisition time; dose reduction; standardized uptake value

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