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J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2015 Nov;70(6):886-90. doi: 10.1093/geronb/gbu082. Epub 2014 Jul 5.

Resiliency Over Time of Elders' Age Stereotypes After Encountering Stressful Events.

Author information

1
Social and Behavioral Sciences Division, Yale School of Public Health, New Haven, Connecticut. Becca.Levy@yale.edu.
2
Department of Internal Medicine, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut.
3
Department of Sociology and Demography, University of California at Berkeley.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine whether the age stereotypes of older individuals would become more negative or else show resiliency following stressful events and to examine whether age-stereotype negativity would increase the likelihood of experiencing a stressful event (i.e., hospitalization).

METHOD:

Age stereotypes of 231 participants, 70 years and older, were assessed across 10 years, before and after the occurrence of hospitalizations and bereavements.

RESULTS:

Age-stereotype negativity was resilient despite encountering stressful events. In contrast, more negative age stereotypes were associated with a 50% greater likelihood of experiencing a hospitalization.

DISCUSSION:

The robustness of negative age stereotypes was expressed in their capacity to resist change as well as generate it.

KEYWORDS:

Aging; Bereavement; Hospitalization; Longitudinal; Resiliency; Stereotypes; Stress

PMID:
24997287
PMCID:
PMC4612340
DOI:
10.1093/geronb/gbu082
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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