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Exp Mol Pathol. 2014 Jun;96(3):405-10. doi: 10.1016/j.yexmp.2014.04.010. Epub 2014 Apr 24.

The HIF1A rs2057482 polymorphism is associated with risk of developing premature coronary artery disease and with some metabolic and cardiovascular risk factors. The Genetics of Atherosclerotic Disease (GEA) Mexican Study.

Author information

1
Molecular Synovioanalisis Laboratory, Instituto Nacional de Rehabilitación, Mexico City, Mexico.
2
Department of Molecular Biology, Instituto Nacional de Cardiología Ignacio Chávez, Mexico City, Mexico.
3
Department of Endocrinology, Instituto Nacional de Cardiología Ignacio Chávez, Mexico City, Mexico.
4
Genomic Laboratory, Instituto Nacional de Medicina Genómica, Mexico City, Mexico.
5
Department of Molecular Biology, Instituto Nacional de Cardiología Ignacio Chávez, Mexico City, Mexico. Electronic address: gvargas63@yahoo.com.

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to establish the role of HIF1A gene polymorphisms in the risk of developing premature coronary artery disease (CAD) in a well-characterized clinical cohort. Three polymorphisms in HIF1A (rs11549465, rs11549467, rs2057482) gene were genotyped in 949 patients with premature CAD, and 676 healthy controls (with negative calcium score by computed tomography). Under a dominant model adjusted for age, visceral to subcutaneous adipose tissue (VAT/SAT) ratio, hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), HDL-C levels, hypercholesterolemia and hypertriglyceridemia, the rs2057482 T allele was associated with decreased risk of premature CAD when compared to healthy controls (OR = 0.616, P(dom) = 0.020). The effect of the studied polymorphisms on various metabolic parameters and cardiovascular risk factors was explored. In this analysis, the rs2057482 T allele was associated with decreased risk of obesity, central obesity, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia and increased risk of T2DM. Under a dominant model adjusted by age, the HIF1A rs2057482 T polymorphism was associated with high VAT/SAT ratio (P = 0.009) and HDL-C levels (P = 0.04) in healthy controls. The results suggest that HIF1A rs2057482 polymorphism is involved in the risk of developing CAD and is associated with some metabolic parameters and cardiovascular risk factors.

KEYWORDS:

Cardiovascular risk factors; Coronary artery disease; Hypoxia; Hypoxia-inducible factor 1-alpha; Ischemia; Polymorphisms

PMID:
24769354
DOI:
10.1016/j.yexmp.2014.04.010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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