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Neuroscientist. 2014 Dec;20(6):652-64. doi: 10.1177/1073858414525995. Epub 2014 Mar 12.

The frontoparietal control system: a central role in mental health.

Author information

1
Center for Molecular & Behavioral Neuroscience, Rutgers University, Newark, NJ, USA Psychology Department, Washington University, St. Louis, MO, USA michael.cole@rutgers.edu.
2
Department of Psychology, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia.
3
Department of Psychiatry, Psychology and the Abraham Ribicoff Research Facilities, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA.

Abstract

Recent findings suggest the existence of a frontoparietal control system consisting of flexible hubs that regulate distributed systems (e.g., visual, limbic, motor) according to current task goals. A growing number of studies are reporting alterations of this control system across a striking range of mental diseases. We suggest this may reflect a critical role for the control system in promoting and maintaining mental health. Specifically, we propose that this system implements feedback control to regulate symptoms as they arise (e.g., excessive anxiety reduced via regulation of amygdala), such that an intact control system is protective against a variety of mental illnesses. Consistent with this possibility, recent results indicate that several major mental illnesses involve altered brain-wide connectivity of the control system, likely altering its ability to regulate symptoms. These results suggest that this "immune system of the mind" may be an especially important target for future basic and clinical research.

KEYWORDS:

brain networks; cognitive control; executive functions; prefrontal cortex; psychiatric disease

PMID:
24622818
PMCID:
PMC4162869
DOI:
10.1177/1073858414525995
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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