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Diabetologia. 2014 May;57(5):860-7. doi: 10.1007/s00125-014-3209-9. Epub 2014 Mar 12.

Nuclear receptors and metabolism: from feast to famine.

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Gene Expression Laboratory, Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, CA, 92037, USA.


The ability to adapt to cycles of feast and famine is critical for survival. Communication between multiple metabolic organs must be integrated to properly metabolise nutrients. By controlling networks of genes in major metabolic organs, nuclear hormone receptors (NHRs) play central roles in regulating metabolism in a tissue-specific manner. NHRs also establish daily rhythmicity by controlling the expression of core clock genes both centrally and peripherally. Recent findings show that many of the metabolic effects of NHRs are mediated through certain members of the fibroblast growth factor (FGF) family. This review focuses on the roles of NHRs in critical metabolic organs, including adipose tissue, liver and muscle, during the fed and fasted states, as well as their roles in circadian metabolism and downstream regulation of FGFs.

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