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Immunol Rev. 2014 Mar;258(1):132-44. doi: 10.1111/imr.12146.

Inflammatory triggers of acute rejection of organ allografts.

Author information

1
Departments of Internal Medicine and Immunobiology, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA.

Abstract

Solid organ transplantation is a vital therapy for end stage diseases. Decades of research have established that components of the adaptive immune system are critical for transplant rejection, but the role of the innate immune system in organ transplantation is just emerging. Accumulating evidence indicates that the innate immune system is activated at the time of organ implantation by the release of endogenous inflammatory triggers. This review discusses the nature of these triggers in organ transplantation and also potential mediators that may enhance inflammation resolution after organ implantation.

KEYWORDS:

inflammation; organ transplantation; resolution

PMID:
24517430
PMCID:
PMC3939032
DOI:
10.1111/imr.12146
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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