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Mol Cell. 2014 Feb 20;53(4):534-48. doi: 10.1016/j.molcel.2013.12.026. Epub 2014 Jan 30.

Tyr phosphorylation of PDP1 toggles recruitment between ACAT1 and SIRT3 to regulate the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex.

Author information

1
Department of Hematology and Medical Oncology, Winship Cancer Institute of Emory, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA.
2
Cell Signaling Technology, Inc. (CST), Danvers, MA 01923, USA.
3
Department of Biochemistry & Molecular Pharmacology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, USA.
4
Department of Molecular Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA.
5
Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.
6
Department of Neurosurgery, Winship Cancer Institute of Emory, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA.
7
Department of Hematology and Medical Oncology, Winship Cancer Institute of Emory, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA; Department of Neurosurgery, Winship Cancer Institute of Emory, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA.
8
Department of Pharmacology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, USA.
9
Department of Hematology and Medical Oncology, Winship Cancer Institute of Emory, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA. Electronic address: jchen@emory.edu.

Abstract

Mitochondrial pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDC) is crucial for glucose homeostasis in mammalian cells. The current understanding of PDC regulation involves inhibitory serine phosphorylation of pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) by PDH kinase (PDK), whereas dephosphorylation of PDH by PDH phosphatase (PDP) activates PDC. Here, we report that lysine acetylation of PDHA1 and PDP1 is common in epidermal growth factor (EGF)-stimulated cells and diverse human cancer cells. K321 acetylation inhibits PDHA1 by recruiting PDK1, and K202 acetylation inhibits PDP1 by dissociating its substrate PDHA1, both of which are important in promoting glycolysis in cancer cells and consequent tumor growth. Moreover, we identified mitochondrial ACAT1 and SIRT3 as the upstream acetyltransferase and deacetylase, respectively, of PDHA1 and PDP1, while knockdown of ACAT1 attenuates tumor growth. Furthermore, Y381 phosphorylation of PDP1 dissociates SIRT3 and recruits ACAT1 to PDC. Together, hierarchical, distinct posttranslational modifications act in concert to control molecular composition of PDC and contribute to the Warburg effect.

PMID:
24486017
PMCID:
PMC3943932
DOI:
10.1016/j.molcel.2013.12.026
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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