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J Neurochem. 1987 Apr;48(4):1048-52.

The effect of antibodies to gangliosides on Ca2+ channel-linked release of gamma-aminobutyric acid in rat brain slices.


Antibodies to GM1 ganglioside enhance the release of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) from rat brain slices induced by depolarization with either 40 mM K+ or 200 microM veratrine. Three new observations are now reported. (a) GABA release induced by the Ca2+ ionophore A23187 was not affected by these antibodies. Because this Ca2+ ionophore causes transmitter release by bypassing depolarization-induced opening of Ca2+ channels, this result suggests that gangliosides participate either in the functioning of such Ca2+ channels or in the Na+ channels involved in depolarization. (b) The enhancement (by antibodies to GM1 ganglioside) of GABA release induced by high K+ levels occurred in the presence of tetrodotoxin (0.01 microM). (c) GABA release induced by veratrine in the absence of Ca2+ was not affected by the antibodies. These latter two observations indicate that Na+ channels are not involved in the action of the antibodies. We conclude that this evidence points to the participation of gangliosides in Ca2+ channel functions involved in GABA release in rat brain slices.

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