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J Anxiety Disord. 2014 Mar;28(2):154-9. doi: 10.1016/j.janxdis.2013.09.001. Epub 2013 Sep 16.

Attention Bias Modification Treatment for children with anxiety disorders who do not respond to cognitive behavioral therapy: a case series.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, Florida International University, Miami, FL 33199, USA.
2
Department of Psychology, Florida International University, Miami, FL 33199, USA. Electronic address: jpettit@fiu.edu.
3
Adler Center for Research in Child Development and Psychopathology, Department of Psychology, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.
4
Intramural Research Program, National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, MD, USA.
5
Department of Psychology, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA.
6
Silver School of Social Work, New York University, New York, NY.

Abstract

Evidence is emerging to support the promise of Attention Bias Modification Treatment (ABMT), a computer-based attention training program, in reducing anxiety in children. ABMT has not been tested as an adjuvant for children with anxiety disorders who do not respond to Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT). This case series presents findings from an open trial of ABMT among six children (four girls; M age = 11.2 years) who completed a CBT protocol and continued to meet diagnostic criteria for an anxiety disorder. All children completed the ABMT protocol with no canceled or missed sessions. Child self-ratings on anxiety symptoms and depressive symptoms significantly decreased from pretreatment to posttreatment, as did parent ratings on child anxiety-related impairment. Parent ratings on child anxiety and internalizing symptoms displayed non-significant decreases from pretreatment to posttreatment. These findings support the potential promise of ABMT as a feasible adjuvant treatment that reduces anxiety and impairment among child anxiety CBT nonresponders.

KEYWORDS:

Anxiety; Attention; Attention bias; Children; Treatment

PMID:
24211147
PMCID:
PMC3943612
DOI:
10.1016/j.janxdis.2013.09.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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