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Neuroimage. 2013 Nov 15;82:403-15. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2013.05.081. Epub 2013 Jun 4.

Groupwise whole-brain parcellation from resting-state fMRI data for network node identification.

Author information

1
Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, USA. xilin.shen@yale.edu

Abstract

In this paper, we present a groupwise graph-theory-based parcellation approach to define nodes for network analysis. The application of network-theory-based analysis to extend the utility of functional MRI has recently received increased attention. Such analyses require first and foremost a reasonable definition of a set of nodes as input to the network analysis. To date many applications have used existing atlases based on cytoarchitecture, task-based fMRI activations, or anatomic delineations. A potential pitfall in using such atlases is that the mean timecourse of a node may not represent any of the constituent timecourses if different functional areas are included within a single node. The proposed approach involves a groupwise optimization that ensures functional homogeneity within each subunit and that these definitions are consistent at the group level. Parcellation reproducibility of each subunit is computed across multiple groups of healthy volunteers and is demonstrated to be high. Issues related to the selection of appropriate number of nodes in the brain are considered. Within typical parameters of fMRI resolution, parcellation results are shown for a total of 100, 200, and 300 subunits. Such parcellations may ultimately serve as a functional atlas for fMRI and as such three atlases at the 100-, 200- and 300-parcellation levels derived from 79 healthy normal volunteers are made freely available online along with tools to interface this atlas with SPM, BioImage Suite and other analysis packages.

KEYWORDS:

Functional MRI; Graph-theory-based parcellation; Network analysis; Resting-state connectivity; Whole-brain atlas

PMID:
23747961
PMCID:
PMC3759540
DOI:
10.1016/j.neuroimage.2013.05.081
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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