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JACC Cardiovasc Imaging. 2013 Jun;6(6):695-703. doi: 10.1016/j.jcmg.2013.02.006. Epub 2013 May 1.

OCT analysis in patients with very late stent thrombosis.

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1
Department of Cardiology, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

We report optical coherence tomography (OCT) findings in 33 patients who presented with very late stent thrombosis (VLST) after either drug-eluting stent (DES) or bare-metal stent (BMS) implantation.

BACKGROUND:

VLST is a potentially life-threatening complication, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear.

METHODS:

In 33 patients (27 DES- and 6 BMS-treated lesions) with definite VLST, OCT images were acquired before either thrombus aspiration or intravascular ultrasonography (IVUS) imaging.

RESULTS:

The median duration from implantation was 61.5 months in the DES group and 109.1 months in the BMS group. In the overall cohort, combining DES and BMS, 94% showed intraluminal thrombi. VLST was associated with in-stent neointimal rupture in 23 patients (70%); 22 had thrombi near the site of neointimal rupture. Stent malapposition was observed in 14 (42%) lesions, but only 9 of them showed thrombi at the site of stent malapposition; moreover, 6 (18%) stented segments with malapposition also had neointimal rupture. Only 2 (6%) lesions had no evidence of neointimal rupture or malapposition. Stent fracture was detected in 3 DES-treated lesions, all with concomitant neointimal rupture. Compared with lesions without neointimal rupture, lesions with neointimal rupture showed a higher frequency of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (65% vs. 20%, respectively, p = 0.040) as well as a higher peak creatine kinase-myocardial band level (163.1 ng/ml vs. 15.7 ng/ml, respectively, p = 0.017).

CONCLUSIONS:

OCT imaging indicated that advanced neoatherosclerosis with neointimal rupture and thrombosis was the most common mechanism of definite VLST and was associated with a high frequency of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction.

PMID:
23643282
DOI:
10.1016/j.jcmg.2013.02.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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