Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Geriatr Gerontol Int. 2014 Jan;14(1):212-9. doi: 10.1111/ggi.12066. Epub 2013 Apr 15.

Non-capable residents: is the experience of dependence understood in nursing homes? A qualitative study.

Author information

1
Department of Nursing, Obstetrics, Gynecology, Pediatrics, and Psychiatry, Rey Juan Carlos University, Madrid, Spain.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of the present study was to describe how dependence was experienced by Spanish nursing home residents with functional limitations.

METHODS:

A qualitative phenomenological approach was followed. An initial purposeful sampling of Spanish residents in for-profit nursing homes in the southern area of Madrid was carried out. Theoretical sampling was also implemented in order to gain a more in-depth understanding of dependence. The inclusion criteria for nursing home residents were: aged 60 years old or older, having a functional impairment (Barthel Index <90), and lack of any cognitive impairment (Mini-Mental State Examination-Folstein >19) and able to communicate verbally in Spanish. Data were collected using unstructured and semi-structured interviews. The interviews were tape recorded and fully transcribed. Data collection was concluded once theoretical saturation was reached, and the data were analyzed using the Giorgi proposal.

RESULTS:

A total of 30 residents (15 female and 15 male) with a mean age of 83 years were included. Two main themes that describe the significance of dependence in nursing homes emerged from the data: (i) remaining "capable", with one subtheme named "building the difference", where residents described their own dependence classification of "non-capable" residents; and (ii) "sharing life", with two subthemes named "living together with non-capable residents" and "sharing the environment". Being considered as "non-capable" is labelling the resident forever.

CONCLUSIONS:

The dependence experience of Spanish nursing home residents might help us gain a deeper insight into their expectations about functional limitations, as well as to understand the change in the relationship between residents considered "non-capable", caregivers and the other residents.

KEYWORDS:

dependence; nursing care; nursing homes; qualitative research

PMID:
23581535
DOI:
10.1111/ggi.12066
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center