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Am J Cardiovasc Dis. 2013;3(1):39-52. Epub 2013 Feb 17.

Predictive models for short- and long-term adverse outcomes following discharge in a contemporary population with acute coronary syndromes.

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1
Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Cleveland Clinic Cleveland, OH.

Abstract

Although numerous risk-prediction models exist in patients presenting with acute coronary syndromes (ACS), they are subject to important short-comings, including lack of contemporary information. Short-term models are frequently biased by in-hospital events. Accordingly, we sought to create contemporary risk-prediction models for clinical outcomes following ACS up to 1 year following discharge. Models were constructed for death at 30 days and 1 year, death/myocardial infarction (MI)/revascularization at 30 days and death/MI at 1 year in consecutive patients presenting with ACS at our institution between 2006 and 2008, and discharged alive. Logistic regression was used to model the 30 day outcomes and Cox proportional hazards were used to model the 1 year outcomes. No linearity assumptions were made for continuous variables. The final model coefficients were used to create a prediction nomogram, which was incorporated into an online risk calculator. A total of 2,681 patients were included, of which about 9.5% presented with ST-elevation MI. All-cause mortality was 2.6% at 30 days and 13% at 1 year. Demographic, past medical history, laboratory, pharmacological and angiographic parameters were identified as being predictive of adverse ischemic outcomes at 30 days and 1 year. The c-indices for these models ranged from 0.73 to 0.82. Our study thus identified risk factors that are predictive of short- and long-term ischemic and revascularization outcomes in contemporary patients with ACS, and incorporated them into an easy-to-use online calculator, with equal or better discriminatory power than currently available models.

KEYWORDS:

Mortality; myocardial infarction; predictors; registry; revascularization

PMID:
23467552
PMCID:
PMC3584647
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