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J Subst Abuse Treat. 2013 Jul;45(1):63-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jsat.2012.12.011. Epub 2013 Jan 30.

The Recovery Line: A pilot trial of automated, telephone-based treatment for continued drug use in methadone maintenance.

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Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, 06510, USA; APT Foundation, New Haven, CT 06519, USA.


The current pilot study evaluated feasibility, acceptability, and initial efficacy of a therapeutic Interactive Voice Response (IVR) system ("the Recovery Line") for patients receiving methadone maintenance who continue to use illicit drugs. Patients were randomized (N=36) to 4weeks of treatment-as-usual (TAU) or Recovery Line plus TAU. Ratings of the Recovery Line were high and remained stable throughout the study. However, despite instructions and reminders, patients used substantially less than the recommended daily use (<10days of 28). Patients were more likely to report abstinence from opioids and cocaine on days they used the Recovery Line (p=.01) than those they did not. Conditions did not differ significantly on patient satisfaction, urine screen outcomes, or coping efficacy. As with other computer-based treatments, findings suggest the Recovery Line is acceptable and feasible. However, additional methods to increase patient utilization of automated systems and larger clinical trials are needed.

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