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Radiographics. 2012 Oct;32(6):1829-37. doi: 10.1148/rg.326125508.

Medical imaging radiation safety for the female patient: rationale and implementation.

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Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Yale University School of Medicine, 333 Cedar St, PO Box 208042, New Haven, CT 06520, USA.


For the modern practitioner of women's imaging, achieving a balance between the positive diagnostic benefits available from current medical imaging on the one hand, and the potentially deleterious effects of ionizing radiation exposure on the other, has become a central issue. Increased public and professional awareness of the side effects of radiation now require a comprehensive understanding of the facts involved, the various risks to which patients are exposed, and the measures that can be implemented to minimize these risks. The major challenges posed by pregnancy, radiosensitive breast tissue, lactation, and an inability to easily exclude ovaries from the imaging field make female patients particularly vulnerable to medical imaging radiation exposure. The nature of this vulnerability changes frequently and depends on the imaging being performed, the age of the patient, and the clinical situation. For this reason, attention to gynecologic imaging radiation exposure across the whole life span is vitally important.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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