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Qual Life Res. 2013 Sep;22(7):1537-41. doi: 10.1007/s11136-012-0285-5. Epub 2012 Oct 7.

Health-related quality of life in patients with interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome and frequently associated comorbidities.

Author information

1
Department of Urology, University of Michigan Health System, University of Michigan, 1500 E. Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To estimate the association of chronic non-urologic conditions [i.e., fibromyalgia (FM), chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)] with health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in patients with interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS).

METHODS:

A total of 276 women with established diagnoses of IC/BPS completed a telephone interview which included demographics, self-reported medical conditions, the SF-36 health survey, and the interstitial cystitis symptom index (ICSI). Multivariate linear regression analysis was used to identify correlates of SF-36 physical and mental component summary scores.

RESULTS:

Mean patient age was 45.1 (SD 15.9) years, and 83% of the subjects were white. Mean values for the SF-36 Physical Component Score (PCS) and Mental Component Score (MCS) means were 39 (SD 14) and 45 (SD 12), respectively, indicating significant HRQOL reductions. Mean ICSI score was 11.27 (SD = 4.86). FM and IBS were significantly associated with worse SF-36 scores: -8 points on the PCS (p < 0.001) and -6 points on the MCS (p < 0.001). CFS and the presence of other pelvic conditions (overactive bladder, vulvodynia, endometriosis) were not significantly associated with SF-36 PCS and MCS scores.

CONCLUSIONS:

In patients with IC/BPS, the presence of FM, CFS, and IBS has a significant association with HRQOL, equivalent in impact to the bladder symptoms themselves. These results emphasize the importance of a multidisciplinary approach to treating patients with IC/BPS and other conditions.

PMID:
23054497
PMCID:
PMC3593950
DOI:
10.1007/s11136-012-0285-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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