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Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica. 2012 Jun;29(2):198-205.

[Variation of the enzymatic activity of Bothrops atrox "jergon" snake venom from three geographic regions, Peru].

[Article in Spanish]

Author information

1
Laboratorio de Biología Molecular, Facultad de Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima, Perú. cesar.alexander04@gmail.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To study the variability in the composition and enzymatic activity of venom from adult Bothrops atrox specimens.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

We used venoms from adult snakes from Amazonas, Junín and Ucayali. Each of the venom samples underwent analysis for protein and number of bands by pagesds. Phospholipase A₂, hemolytic, amidolytic, coagulant, hemorrhagic activity were analyzed, also and proteolytic activity on casein and by zymogram. Additionally, immunodiffusion and neutralization assays in vitro were done with a polyvalent botropic serum from the national institute of health of Peru.

RESULTS:

The amidolytic, coagulant, hemorrhagic, proteolytic by zymogram, phospholipase A₂, and indirect hemolytic activity were variable, demonstrating increased activity in the venoms from Amazonas, regarding proteolytic by zymogram, phospholipase A₂, and indirect hemolytic activity. While the amount of protein electrophoretic bands and proteolytic activity on casein did not demonstrated differences. Regarding neutralization tests, a 0.5 dose of antivenom was sufficient to effectively neutralize (>50%) the coagulant activity and phospholipase A₂ of all samples analyzed.

CONCLUSIONS:

Some biological properties of the venom from adult Bothrops atrox of Peru are variable, without interference with the in vitro neutralization by the polyvalent botropic serum on coagulant and phospholipase A₂ properties of the venom.

PMID:
22858765
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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