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Tetrahedron. 2012 Jun 10;68(23):4342-4345.

Relationship between side-chain branching and stoichiometry in β(3)-peptide bundles.

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Department of Chemistry, Yale University, 275 Prospect St., New Haven, CT 06520-8107.


The stability and stoichiometry of β(3)-peptide bundles is influenced by side-chain identity. β(3)-peptides containing β(3)-homoleucine on one helical face assemble into octamers, whereas those containing β(3)-homovaline form tetramers. From a structural perspective, the side chains of β(3)-homoleucine and β(3)-homovaline differ in terms of both side-chain length and γ-carbon branching. To evaluate the extent to which these two parameters control β(3)-peptide bundle stoichiometry, we synthesized the β(3)-peptide Acid-3Y, which contains β(3)-homoisoleucine in place of β(3)-homoleucine or β(3)-homovaline. Acid-3Y assembles into a stable tetramer whose stability resembles that of the previously characterized Acid-VY tetramer. These results suggest that β(3)-peptide bundle stoichiometry is dominated by the presence or absence of γ-carbon branching on core side chains.

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