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J Nutrigenet Nutrigenomics. 2012;5(1):1-12. doi: 10.1159/000336511. Epub 2012 Mar 8.

Associations between polymorphisms in genes involved in fatty acid metabolism and dietary fat intakes.

Author information

1
Institute of Nutraceuticals and Functional Foods-INAF, Quebec, Que., Canada.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Obesity prevalence is growing in our population. Twin studies have estimated the heritability of dietary intakes to about 30%. The objective of this study was to verify whether polymorphisms in genes involved in fatty acid metabolism are associated with dietary fat intakes.

METHODS:

Seven hundred participants were recruited. A validated food frequency questionnaire was used to assess dietary intakes. PCR-RFLP and TAQMAN methodology were used to genotype PPARα Leu162Val, PPARγ Pro12Ala, PPARδ -87T>C, PPARGC1α Gly482Ser, FASN Val1483Ile and SREBF1 c.*619C>G. Statistical analyses were executed with SAS statistical package.

RESULTS:

Carriers of the Ala12 allele of PPARγ Pro12Ala polymorphism had higher intakes of total fat (p = 0.04). For FASN Val1483Ile polymorphism, significant gene-sex interaction effects were found for total fat and saturated fat intakes (p = 0.02 and p = 0.002, respectively). No significant difference in fat intakes was observed for PPARα Leu162Val, PPARδ -87T>C, PPARGC1α Gly482Ser and SREBF1 c.*619C>G polymorphisms.

CONCLUSIONS:

Polymorphisms in PPARγ and FASN seem to be associated with dietary fat intakes. Genetic variants are important to take into account when studying dietary intakes.

PMID:
22414759
DOI:
10.1159/000336511
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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