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Hum Pathol. 2012 Sep;43(9):1394-9. doi: 10.1016/j.humpath.2011.10.014. Epub 2012 Mar 7.

CD70 expression patterns in renal cell carcinoma.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, Section of Medical Oncology, Yale Cancer Center, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, USA.

Abstract

CD70 is up-regulated in several malignancies, where it induces cytotoxic effects on B and T lymphocytes, leading to immune escape. Novel therapeutic agents targeting CD70 have entered clinical trials. We characterized expression of CD70 protein in renal cell carcinoma specimens of various histologic subtypes and assessed their prognostic value and association with clinical/pathologic variables. We used tissue microarrays containing 330 cases using a novel fluorescent immunohistochemistry-based method of Automated Quantitative Analysis of in situ protein expression. The mean expression of CD70 was almost twice as high in tumors relative to normal tissue (P < .0001). When broken into subsets, CD70 was higher in sarcomatoid and clear cell tumors (P < .0001) and was variably elevated in oncocytomas and some papillary tumors. No association was found between CD70 expression and stage or grade. High CD70 expression was associated with decreased survival on univariate analysis in the clear cell subset of renal cell carcinoma; however, it did not retain significance on multivariate analysis. Given the elevated expression of CD70 in clear cell, sarcomatoid, and some papillary tumors, our findings suggest that CD70 might be a good drug target in renal cell carcinoma. Additional studies are warranted to assess the association between expression of CD70 and response to therapy with CD70-targeting drugs in renal cell carcinoma.

PMID:
22401771
PMCID:
PMC3374042
DOI:
10.1016/j.humpath.2011.10.014
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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