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Asia Pac J Public Health. 2015 Mar;27(2):NP734-45. doi: 10.1177/1010539511431299. Epub 2011 Dec 20.

HIV/AIDS-related knowledge and its association with socioeconomic status among women: results of Lebanese Survey for Family Health (PAPFAM) 2004.

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University of California Los Angeles School of Public Health, Beirut, Lebanon
American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon.
Yale School of Public Health, New Haven, CT, USA.


This article assesses the association of women's HIV/AIDS knowledge of transmission and prevention with socioeconomic status (SES). Data from the 2004 Lebanese PAPFAM (Pan-Arab Project for Family Health) survey were used. The survey was based on a representative household sample (n = 5532 households; n = 3315 women) of ever-married women aged 15 to 55 years. Adjusted analysis revolved around multivariate logistic regression models. 18% of women were knowledgeable of HIV/AIDS transmission methods and 21% of prevention methods. Income and education were significantly related to women's transmission and prevention knowledge. Significant differences were also found by region and media exposure. Women in the richest income quintile were 4 times (95% confidence interval [CI] = 2.43-6.42) more likely to be knowledgeable than those in the poorest. Women with the highest education were 2.57 times more likely (95% CI = 1.98-3.34) to be knowledgeable than those with elementary education or less. These results suggest the need for incorporating contextual regional and population differences for more effective HIV/AIDS awareness campaigns in Lebanon.


HIV/AIDS prevention knowledge; HIV/AIDS transmission knowledge; Lebanon; media exposure; socioeconomic disparities

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