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Diabetes Metab Res Rev. 2011 Nov;27(8):784-9. doi: 10.1002/dmrr.1252.

Immunization with an insulin peptide-MHC complex to prevent type 1 diabetes of NOD mice.

Author information

1
Barbara Davis Center for Childhood Diabetes, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, CO 80045, USA. Li.Zhang@ucdenver.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Mutating the insulin B:9-23 peptide prevents diabetes in NOD mice. Thus, the trimolecular complex of I-Ag7-insulin B:9-23 peptide-TCR may be essential for the development of spontaneous diabetes. Pathogenic T cells recognize the B:9-23 peptide presented by I-Ag7 in what is termed register 3, with the B22 basic amino acid (arginine) of the peptide bound in pocket 9 of I-Ag7. Our hypothesis is that immunization with an insulin B:12-22 peptide linked to I-Ag7 in register 3 (I-Ag7-B:RE#3 complex) can induce specific antibodies to the complex, block pathogenic TCRs, and thus prevent diabetes.

METHODS:

We immunized young NOD mice with recombinant I-Ag7-B:RE#3 protein, in which two amino acids of the peptide were mutated to fix the peptide in register 3, and investigated the induced antibodies targeted to the peptide in register 3.

RESULTS:

Specific antibodies targeting I-Ag7-B:RE#3 but not I-Ag7-HEL were identified in the sera of I-Ag7-B:RE#3 immunized mice. The sera inhibited B:9-23-induced T-cell responses in vitro. I-Ag7-B:RE#3 immunization delayed progression to diabetes (versus PBS, p=0.0005), while immunization with I-Ag7-HEL control complex did not.

CONCLUSIONS:

Immunization with I-Ag7-B:RE#3 complex significantly delays the development of insulin autoantibodies and the onset of diabetes in NOD mice, which is associated with the induction of I-Ag7-B:RE#3 antibodies.

PMID:
22069260
DOI:
10.1002/dmrr.1252
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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