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J Gen Intern Med. 2012 Feb;27(2):153-9. doi: 10.1007/s11606-011-1836-0. Epub 2011 Sep 12.

Through our eyes: exploring African-American men's perspective on factors affecting transition to manhood.

Author information

1
American Heart Association/Pharmaceutical Roundtable-Spina Outcomes Research, Center at UCLA, 710 Westwood Plaza, C109 RNRC, Los Angeles, CA, USA. nbharmal@mednet.ucla.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Premature mortality and disparities in morbidity observed in African-American men may be associated with factors in their social, economic, and built environments that may be especially influential during the transition to adulthood.

OBJECTIVE:

To have young, African-American men from Los Angeles County identify and prioritize factors associated with their transition to manhood using photovoice methodology and pile-sorting exercises.

DESIGN:

Qualitative study using community-based participatory research (CBPR) and photovoice

PARTICIPANTS:

Twelve African-American men, ages 16-26 years, from Los Angeles County, California.

APPROACH:

We used CBPR principles to form a community advisory board (CAB) whose members defined goals for the partnered project, developed the protocols, and participated in data collection and analysis. Participants were given digital cameras to take 50-300 photographs over three months. Pile-sorting techniques were used to facilitate participants' identification and discussion of the themes in their photos and selected photos of the group. Pile-sorts of group photographs were analyzed using multidimensional scaling and hierarchical cluster analysis to systematically compare participants' themes and identify patterns of associations between sorted photographs. Sub-themes and related quotes were also elicited from the pile-sorting transcripts. The CAB and several study participants met periodically to develop dissemination strategies and design interventions informed by study findings.

KEY RESULTS:

Four dominant themes emerged during analysis: 1) Struggles face during the transition to manhood, 2) Sources of social support, 3) Role of sports, and 4) Views on Los Angeles lifestyle. The project led to the formation of a young men's group and community events featuring participants.

CONCLUSIONS:

CBPR and photovoice are effective methods to engage young, African-American men to identify and discuss factors affecting their transition to manhood, contextualize research findings, and participate in intervention development.

PMID:
21910088
PMCID:
PMC3270242
DOI:
10.1007/s11606-011-1836-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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