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Invest Radiol. 1990 May;25(5):601-19.

Malignancies metastatic to the pleura.

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Department of Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT.


In patients over 50 years of age, neoplasms of the pleura are probably the second most common cause of a pleural effusion after congestive heart failure. Lung cancer, breast cancer, lymphoma, ovarian carcinoma, and stomach cancer are the leading causes of malignant pleural disease, and adenocarcinoma is the most common cell type. This review discusses in detail the etiology and incidence, pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment of neoplasms that involve the pleura with special reference to malignant and paramalignant pleural effusions.

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