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Perm J. 2011 Spring;15(2):15-22.

A new model of well-child care: implications for resource costs and dissemination.

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Institute of HealthResearch at Kaiser Permanente Colorado in Denver, CO, USA.



Current pediatric well-child care (WCC) may be inefficient and inadequate with respect to primary care physicians' abilities to deliver prescribed preventive and developmental services. New Internet-related technologies may improve the efficiency and effectiveness of WCC. This article examines the potential resource cost implications associated with a change in the delivery model of WCC in a capitated, integrated managed care system.


Decision analyses and Monte Carlo simulations were used to estimate the variation in resource costs between the current WCC model and a high-performance WCC model, stratifying by age, risk level, and the proportion of pediatric members that may not seek WCC.


Demographic and health care utilization data associated with 14,910 pediatric enrollees, ages newborn to 5 years, enrolled at Kaiser Permanente Colorado were used to simulate the change in costs attributable to a change in the model of WCC.


Simulation models and sensitivity analyses suggest that the implementation of the high-performance WCC model is likely to be relatively resource cost neutral in a managed care system.


Preliminary findings suggest that implementation of innovative changes in WCC may allow for efficient reallocation of resources to higher-risk children in a relatively cost neutral manner. However, innovative changes that involve the use of unreimbursed non-face-to-face encounters and nonphysician health care professionals may present challenges with respect to implementation of a new model of WCC in a fee-for-service environment.


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