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J Gen Intern Med. 2011 Dec;26(12):1426-33. doi: 10.1007/s11606-011-1807-5. Epub 2011 Aug 12.

State variation in AIDS drug assistance program prescription drug coverage for modifiable cardiovascular risk factors.

Author information

1
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Clinical Scholars Program, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

In the United States, mortality from cardiovascular disease has become increasingly common among HIV-infected persons. One-third of HIV-infected persons in care may rely on state-run AIDS Drug Assistance Programs (ADAPs) for cardiovascular disease-related prescription drugs. There is no federal mandate regarding ADAP coverage for non-HIV medications.

OBJECTIVE:

To assess the consistency of ADAP coverage for type 2 diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and smoking cessation using clinical guidelines as the standard of care.

DESIGN:

Cross-sectional survey of 53 state and territorial ADAP formularies.

MAIN MEASURES:

ADAPs covering all first-line drugs for a cardiovascular risk factor were categorized as "consistent" with guidelines, while ADAPs covering at least one first-line drug, but not all, for a cardiovascular risk factor, were categorized as "partially consistent". ADAPs without coverage were categorized as "no coverage".

KEY RESULTS:

Of 53 ADAPs, four (7.5%) provided coverage consistent with guidelines (coverage for all first-line drugs) for all four cardiovascular risk factors. Thirteen (24.5%) provided no coverage for all four risk factors. Thirty-six (68%) provided at least partially consistent coverage for at least one surveyed risk factor. State ADAPs provided coverage consistent with guidelines most frequently for type 2 diabetes (28%), followed by hypertension (25%), hyperlipidemia (15%) and smoking cessation (8%). Statins (66%) were most commonly covered and nicotine replacement therapies (9%) least often. Many ADAPs provided no first-line treatment coverage for hypertension (60%), type 2 diabetes (51%), smoking cessation (45%), and hyperlipidemia (32%).

CONCLUSIONS:

Consistency of ADAP coverage with guidelines for the surveyed cardiovascular risk factors varies widely. Given the increasing lifespan of HIV-infected persons and restricted ADAP budgets, we recommend ADAP coverage be consistent with guidelines for cardiovascular risk factors.

PMID:
21837376
PMCID:
PMC3235612
DOI:
10.1007/s11606-011-1807-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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