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Immunity. 2011 Jul 22;35(1):109-22. doi: 10.1016/j.immuni.2011.03.029. Epub 2011 Jun 30.

A requisite role for induced regulatory T cells in tolerance based on expanding antigen receptor diversity.

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  • 1Section of Rheumatology, Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA.

Abstract

Although both natural and induced regulatory T (nTreg and iTreg) cells can enforce tolerance, the mechanisms underlying their synergistic actions have not been established. We examined the functions of nTreg and iTreg cells by adoptive transfer immunotherapy of newborn Foxp3-deficient mice. As monotherapy, only nTreg cells prevented disease lethality, but did not suppress chronic inflammation and autoimmunity. Provision of Foxp3-sufficient conventional T cells with nTreg cells reconstituted the iTreg pool and established tolerance. In turn, acute depletion of iTreg cells in rescued mice resulted in weight loss and inflammation. Whereas the transcriptional signatures of nTreg and in vivo-derived iTreg cells were closely matched, there was minimal overlap in their T cell receptor (TCR) repertoires. Thus, iTreg cells are an essential nonredundant regulatory subset that supplements nTreg cells, in part by expanding TCR diversity within regulatory responses.

PMID:
21723159
PMCID:
PMC3295638
DOI:
10.1016/j.immuni.2011.03.029
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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